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Differentiating the Four Main Farm Sprayer Components

As farmers understand, choosing the best sprayer for your specific field requirements can make the process run more smoothly. Agriculture spray equipment incorporates a complete spray system that primarily generates pressure that takes fluids from the tank to the crop or soil. There are myriad types of sprayer solutions, from backpacks to those attached to flat-bed trucks. Once you choose the best spray solution for your property, understanding the specific farm sprayer components will make your job easier.

Breaking Down the Components of a Farm Sprayer

Your farm sprayer is a relatively simple piece of equipment and understanding all the moving parts of the equipment will help you maintain and run your machine effortlessly. Learn the different components of your sprayer to maximise its work potential.

The Tank

Without the tank, there would be no spraying. It holds any liquid you want to spread across a field. Since the tank can hold water, insecticides, pesticides, herbicides, or fertiliser, a corrosion-resistant material is the best bet. You can choose stainless steel, polyethylene plastic or fibreglass. You also want to consider the size of your tank as dependent upon the area you’ll be spraying. The colour of the tank can also play a role when choosing your tank. When spraying large quantities of water, a black tank will help stop algae growth since the black blocks out the sunlight. The tank will sit on a carriage whether you use a side-by-side, an ATV, a tractor or any other vehicle to propel your sprayer.

The Pump

Pumps will push the tank's contents to the sprayer at a specific flow rate and pressure delivery. Two areas to consider are the pump types for the flow rates and the power drive options for the pressure delivery. The pump types include roller, centrifugal, transfer, piston, diaphragm, and irrigation injection, and the options include the maximum gallon per minute (GPM) flow and the manufacturing materials used. Your drive options use various power sources such as gasoline, belts, pulley, and PTO.

The T

The T is a collection of parts used to navigate the pressure and determine when and where the liquid travels. The T includes the pressure gauge and regulator to help control the volume sprayed, the bypass hose, the on/off valve, and a diverter valve.

The Boom

The fluids will finally reach the crops via the boom, represented by arms extending from each side of the vehicle. They hold multiple spray tips that point downward for efficient coverage of the field. There are also boomless sprayers that are easier to manoeuvre in rough terrain or require sharp turns. Whether you use a boom or boomless sprayer, it is imperative to pick the most efficient nozzle for the job, keeping in mind the substance you apply and the area you plan to cover.

The Bottom Line

You want to work as efficiently and effortlessly as possible whenever it’s time to water, fertilise, or spray crops. Knowing your farm sprayer components and how they work together makes the job easier and more enjoyable.


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